References and Links

1/ Useful Websites

    http://www.theodora.com/anatomy/the_muscles_of_mastication.html http://www.instantanatomy.net/headneck/areas/musclesofmastication.html http://www.bartleby.com/107/109.html http://www.juniordentist.com/muscles-of-mastication.html

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2/ Other Sources

  Wikipedia sites provided information and additional copyright-friendly images used in this website.   Wikipedia Encyclopaedia Wikipedia Commons Wikipedia Books   Flickr and PhotoBucket also provide many images under the creative commons license.

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Clark GT-Further Reading

Classification, causation and treatment of masticatory myogenous pain for dysfunction. Oral Maxilofacial Surg Clin North Am. 2008. May;20 (2) 145-57, review

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Mackie A, Lyons K.

The role of occlusion in temporomandibular disorders-a review of the literature. NZ Dent J. 2008. Jun; 104(2): 54-9 Review

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Peck CC, Murray GM, Gerzina TM

How does pain affect jaw muscle activity? The intergrated Pain Adaption Model. Aust Dent J. 2008. Sep 53(3): 201-7 Review

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Shih HP, Gross MK, Kioussi C

Muscle development: forming the head and trunk muscles. Acta Histochem. 2008; 1110 (2):97-108. Epub 2007 Oct 22 Review.

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Vinyard CJ, Wall CE, Williams SH, Hylander WL.

(2008). Patterns of variation across primates in jaw muscle electromyography during mastication. Oxford journals. 48:294-311.  

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Widmer CG, English AW, Morris-Wiman J

  (2007). Development and functional considerations of masseter muscle partitioning. Oral Biology. 52:305-8.

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Adam Higgins

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